Situated in the heart of the city of Sydney, Macquarie Street NSW, the Magna Carta Institute Rule of Law Education, provides resources for teachers and students engaged in studies related to Humanities and Social Sciences. In this section, you will find support for content in Australian history, Civics education, and all material pertaining to the rule of law in Australian society.

To assist in finding what you are looking for, please choose the areas of study including links to the Australian curriculum.


The Magna Carta Institute – Rule of Law Education supports the national (ACARA) and state curriculum requirements in Primary education. The content provided in this section has been created for teachers and students in understanding concepts in Australian history and civics education through the key learning area of Humanities and Social Sciences.

Teaching material is currently provided for Stage 2 and Stage 3. All resources added to this section will be ongoing and regularly updated, so please check back to our website to discover new content. Any contributions and requests for additional content are always welcome. Please contact Rule of Law Education for more information.

If you would like to book a presentation for your students on any content relating to Australian history or civics education, please contact Rule of Law Education for more details.

Leanne Davis
Primary Education Officer

Curriculum Links

The Magna Carta Institute – Rule of Law Education supports the National (ACARA) and State curriculum requirements. The content provided has been created for teachers and students to know and understand Australian history and civics education through the key learning area of Humanities and Social Sciences.

Stage 2

In this section, the content provided can support teachers in providing information to help students better understand the significance of how and why life changed in the past and identify how some of those things have remained the same today.

Specifically, the students study European colonisation in Australia up to the early 1800s and life for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples pre and post contact. What were the effects of European settlement on the local environment and Indigenous land and water management practices?

Stage 2 students are also expected to identify structures and decisions that support their local community. To recognise the importance of laws in society and how the role of rules in their community significantly contribute to how a society makes decisions democratically. The students are encouraged to create questions about the society in which they live and share their views on an issue, in order to learn how to confidently present their ideas and conclusions using civics and citizenship terms. Rule of Law Education supports and promotes young people becoming actively engaged citizens in their community.

Click here to access resources for this area, including:

  • Stage 2 Curriculum


Stage 3

In Stage 3, the students learn how to understand and explain the significance of people and events, and the developments that bring about change. They can investigate information about the life different people have experienced in the past and learn about which aspects of the past have remained the same. The students will also have opportunities to investigate the role and importance of people, institutions, and processes that uphold Australia’s democracy and legal system today, such as the separation of powers and the purpose of a constitution.

The content in this section can assist students to learn about civics and citizenship terms and concepts. Also, to identify the rights and responsibilities of Australian citizens, and appreciate different points of view and opinions, as well as reflect on ways they can participate as citizens in their local communities.

Finally, students are given opportunities to investigate recent global events in order to identify the causes and effects of change on societies and compare how future obligations shape their actions as global citizens.

Click here to access resources for this area, including:

  • Stage 3 Curriculum


Civics and Citzenship

Civics and citizenship education support students in developing their skills, knowledge and understanding about how to actively participate and become informed citizens in Australia’s democracy. Activities in this section include information about the shared values the students will require regarding freedom, respect, tolerance, responsibility and inclusion.

Click here to access resources for this area, including:

  • Civics and Citizenship


European Settlement

This time in Australian history saw Europeans establish a penal colony in response to the mass social upheaval that had developed back in the British homeland. It was a means to an end of something the British establishment desperately wanted to go away, a solution to a very large problem. The first convicts were unwilling participants in this experiment, and they became the latest group of migrants to land on the continent. Their existence helped shape Australia’s identity to become what it is today.

Click here to access resources for this area, including:

  • Before 1788
  • European Settlement



The rule of law:

‘The authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behaviour, the principle whereby all members of a society (including those in government) are considered equally subject to publicly disclosed legal codes and processes’

Oxford English Dictionary


‘A system of government determined by majority of the population, typically through chosen representative. A ruling authority elected by the people.’

Oxford English Dictionary

Learn how the Magna Carta helped shape the foundations of democratic rule in Australia and in doing so, protecting its citizens rights and freedoms they live under today.

Click here to access resources for this area, including:

  • Rule of Law
  • Magna Carta


The Commonwealth of Australia

On January 1, 1901 Australian united all its colonies to become one nation. Known as Federation it resulted in the creation of a federal parliament. This began the process by which the legislatures that had grown up in the colonies over the preceding decades became State legislatures operating as part of a system, which included the new federal parliament. These bodies have enacted the state and federal laws that now define the Commonwealth of Australia.

The separation of powers is an important part of the Australian judiciary system. It protects Australians’ right to due process of law, an important safeguard of personal liberty under the Australian Constitution. Without this system of ‘checks and balances’, Australians would face uncertainty in living under the law.

Click here to access resources for this area, including:


  • Democracy
  • Australia’s Parliamentary System
  • Commonwealth of Australia
  • Separation of Power
  • Checks and Balances


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